Deployment of Vanets Infrastructure to Aid Road Transport Systems in Developing Countries
This work proposes the adoption of Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET) into the Road Transport system of developing countries. There are myriads of challenges to road transportation in developing countries which include poor state of roads, poor maintenance of roads, road congestions amongst others. The negative impacts of these developments could be very devastating on human lives as well as the economy of the nations concerned. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) which involve the integration of modern communication and information technology into existing transportation systems for real time monitoring of traffic in order to alleviate traffic congestion, incidents, public health issues, etc. Utilizing VANET communication infrastructure will enable ITSs to improve safety of commuters on the roads and minimize traffic congestion, waiting times, fuel consumption, and emissions. The situation in the Nigerian State is considered.
S.G. Ikya, 1993, “The Urban Transportation Problems in Nigeria”, In Ikya, S.G. (ed.), Urban Passenger Transportation in Nigeria, Heinemann, Ibadan, pp. 3-27.
IEEE, 2007, “Approved IEEE standard for wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE) – networking services,” IEEE Approved Std P1609.3/D23.pdf, Feb 2007.
IEEE, 2015, “IEEE approved draft standard for wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE) - networking services,” IEEE P1609.3v3/D6, November 2015, pp. 1–162.
A.A. Elbery, 2018, Large-Scale Modeling of Smart Cities Considering the Mutual Impact of Transportation and Communication Systems. Ph. D Thesis Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University April, 16 2018 Blacksburg, Virginia.
M.M. Zanjireh and H. Larijani, 2015. A Survey on Centralised and Distributed Clustering Routing Algorithms for WSNs. IEEE 81st Vehicular Technology Conference. Glasgow, Scotland. doi:10.1109/VTCSpring.2015.7145650.
A.J. Njoh, 2012, Impact of transportation infrastructure on development in East Africa and the Indian Ocean region. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 138(1), 1-9. doi: 10.1061/ (ASCE) UP.1943-5444.0000091.
D.P. Thomas, 2013, The Gautrain project in South Africa: A cautionary tale. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 31(1), 77-94. doi:10.1080/02589001.2013.747292.
A.B. Usman, 2014, Analysis of Condition of Rural Road Transportation Kwara State, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, 10(5).
J.A. Afolabi and K.T. Gbadamosi, 2017, “Road Traffic Crashes in Nigeria: Causes and Consequences” The International Journal of Transportation & Logistics, Vol. 17, Issue 42, April, 2406 – 1069.
P.C. Onokala and ,C.J. Olajide, 2019, Problems And Challenges Facing The Nigerian Transportation System Which Affect Their Contribution To The Economic Development Of The Country In The 21st Century, World Conference on Transport Research – WCTR 2019, Mumbai, 26-30 May 2019.
National Bureau of Statistics, 2017, Road Transport Data Q2 2017, Nigeria, http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng.
Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), 2014, Planning Advisory Unit Analysis. www.frsc.gov.ng.
O. Osipitan, 2014, The Need for Application and Deployment of Intelligent Transportation Systems Technology in Managing Highway Corridors in Lagos, Nigeria. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Infrastructure Development in Africa – Abeokuta, Nigeria, 17th-19th March, 2014.
S.I. Oni, K.R. Okanlawon and C.O. Asenime, 2006, Institutional Framework for the Transformation of Transport Administration in Metropolitan Lagos in an Agenda for a New Nigeria: The Imperative of Transformation, Anifowose, R. and Babawale, T. (eds.), Concept Publications Limited, Lagos, 421- 437.
ElBatt, Goel, Holland, Krishnan, and Parikh, 2006, “Cooperative collision warning using dedicated short range wireless communications,” In Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, VANET ’06, (New York, NY, USA), pp. 1–9, ACM, 2006.
Xu, Mak, Ko, and Sengupta, 2007, “Medium Access Control Protocol Design for Vehicle Dash; Vehicle Safety Messages,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 56, pp. 499–518.
S. Dashtinezhad, T. Nadeem, B. Dorohonceanu, C. Borcea, P. Kang and L. Iftode, 2004, “Traffic View: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring Based on Car-To-Car Communication,” In 2004 IEEE 59th Vehicular Technology Conference. VTC 2004-Spring (IEEE Cat. No.04CH37514), vol. 5, pp. 2946–2950 Vol.5, May 2004.
IEEE, 2014, “IEEE Guide for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) - Architecture,” IEEE Std 1609.0-2013, pp. 1–78, March 2014.
R. Bertini, C. Monsere and T. Yin, 2005, Benefits of Intelligent Transportation Technologies in Urban Areas: A Literature Review. Final Report, Center for Transportation Studies, Portland State University, Oregon.