Modelling and Performance Analysis for a PV System Based MPPT Using Advanced Techniques
The produced power from Photovoltaic system is varied and its efficiency is severely affected by many factors such as irradiance and ambient temperature. To obtain a competent system with maximum benefits, the tracking of the maximum power point became mandatory. This paper presents an efficient design of maximum power point tracking â€œMPPTâ€ for PV system control using three advanced techniques; PSO, Perturb- and-observe (P&O) and Incremental Conductance (I_C). The PV system based MPPT has been modelled and simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The results are studied, analyzed and compared to the three proposed algorithms. PSO proved higher tracking power, lower power loss, high tracking speed, less time and minor oscillation than the other two techniques.
J. Selvaraj, N.A. Rahim,"Multilevel Inverter For Grid-Connected PV System Employing Digital PI Controller", IEEE Transactions On Industrial Electronics, 2009,vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 149-158 .
J. Kondalaiah, I. Rahul," PHOTOVOLTAIC BASED HIGH-EFFICIENCY SINGLE- INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT DC-DC CONVERTER", International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, October- 2014,Vol.3 Issue.10, pg. 483-496.
T. Salmi, M. Bouzguenda, A. Gastli and A. Masmoudi, "MATLAB/Simulink Based Modelling of Solar Photovoltaic Cell", INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH, Vol.2, No.2, 2012.
4 M.A. Emad, S. Masahito, " Modified adaptive variable step-size MPPT based-on single current sensor", TENCON 2010 – IEEE Region 10 Conference, 21–24 November, pp. 1235–1240.
5 H. Rezk, A. M. Eltamaly, "A comprehensive comparison of different MPPT techniques for photovoltaic systems", Science Direct, Solar Energy 112 ,2015, pp.1–11.
A. H. EL-Din , S. S. Mekhamer and H. M. El-Helw ,"COMPARISON OF MPPT ALGORITHMS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS UNDER UNIFORM IRRIADIANCE BETWEEN PSO AND P&O", October 2017, Vol.4, Issue.10.
T. Esram, P. L. Chapman: "Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques" IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, 2007, Vol. 22. No. 2, pp. 439-449.
J. Patel1, V. sheth and G. Sharma, "DESIGN & SIMULATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM USING INCREMENTAL MPPT ALGORITHUM" ,International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, May 2013,Vol. 2, Issue 5.
O. B. Belghith, L. Sbita and F. Bettaher ,"MPPT Design Using PSO Technique for Photovoltaic System Control Comparing to Fuzzy Logic and P&O Controllers" ,Energy and Power Engineering, 2016.
E. Koutroulis, F. Blaabjerg , "A New Technique for Tracking the Global Maximum Power Point of PV Arrays Operating Under Partial-Shading Conditions", IEEE journal of photovoltaics, April 2012,VOL. 2, NO. 2.
B. A. Isaloo, P. Amiri ,"Improved Variable Step Size Incremental Conductance Mppt Method With High Convergence Speed For Pv Systems", Journal of Engineering Science and Technology ,2016,Vol. 11, No. 4 , pp.516 – 528.
A. Kumar, M. Kumar, D. H. Nagaraj, A. Singh, J. Prattapati, "Implementation of MPPT Algorithm for Grid Connected PV Module with IC and P&O Methodv",International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering,2014, Vol:8, No:7.
M. R.Hamzescu, S. Oprea, "Practical Guide to Implementing Solar Panel MPPT Algorithms", 2013 Microchip Technology Inc.
S. Moring, A. Pols, "Maximum Power Point Tracking: Algorithm and Software Development", Delft University of Technology Faculty of EEMCS, June 27, 2012.
A. K. Abdelsalam, A. M. Massoud, S. Ahmed and P. N. Enjeti, "High-Performance Adaptive Perturb and Observe MPPT Technique for Photovoltaic-Based Micro grids", IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics, April 2011,VOL. 26, NO. 4.
N. Femia, F. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, "Predictive & Adaptive MPPT Perturb and Observe Method", IEEE Transactions On Aerospace And Electronic Systems , July 2007,VOL. 43, NO. 3.
N. Femia, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo and M. Vitelli, "Optimization of Perturb and Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking Method", IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics, July 2005, VOL. 20, NO. 4.
N. S. D’Souza, L. A. Lopes and X. Liu, "An Intelligent Maximum Power Point Tracker Using Peak Current Control", IEEE, 2005 .
V. R. Kota, M. N. Bhukya, "A Simple and Efficient MPPT Scheme for PV Module Using 2-Dimensional Lookup Table", IEEE, 2016.
Y. T. Hsiao and C. H. Chen, "Maximum power tracking for photovoltaic power system," in Conf. Record 37th IAS Annu. Meeting Ind. Appl. Conf., 2002, pp. 1035–1040.
K. Irisawa, T. Saito, I. Takano, and Y. Sawada, "Maximum power point tracking control of photovoltaic generation system under non-uniform insolation by means of monitoring cells," in Conf. Record Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovoltaic Spec. Conf., 2000, pp. 1707–1710.
B. Bekker and H.J. Beukes, "Finding an optimal PV panel maximum power point tracking method, IEEE, 2004.
M. Mayatake , M. Veerachary , F. Toriumi ,"Maximum Power Point Tracking of Multiple Photovoltaic Arrays: A Particle Swarm Optimization Approach", IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 2011, pp.367-380.
K.Ishaque, Z.Salam, M. Amjad ,"An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)-Based MPPT for PV with Reduced Steady-State Oscillation", IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012,pp.3627-3638.
M.E. Meral and F. Dinc?er, "A review of the factors affecting operation and efficiency of photovoltaic based electricity generation systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 , 2011, pp.2176–2184
J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, "Particle swarm optimization," Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks (ICNN’95), 1995,vol. 4, pp. 1942–1948.
U. Rai1, "Modeling of Solar PV system under Partial Shading using Particle Swarm Optimization based MPPT," International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Feb -2017.
G. Celsa, G. Marco Tina, "Matlab/Simulink Model of Photovoltaic Modules/Strings under Uneven Distribution of Irradiance and Temperature", 2015 6th International Renewable Energy Congress (IREC).
R. Wies, B. Satavalekar, and A. Agrawal, "Power Electronic Circuits and Controls".