@article{Aura_2022, title={Delay Model Study of Single Ended Ring Oscillator (SERO)}, volume={6}, url={https://www.ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/450}, DOI={10.24018/ejece.2022.6.4.450}, abstractNote={<p>In this study, a new general expression for the frequency of a SERO is constructed, which includes two additional variables, K<sub>d</sub> and R<sub>w</sub>, and improves upon the traditional equations by accounting for all analysis models and various width ratios. When compared with the the conventional equations, the proposed equation is a better alternate to study the frequency response when the width ratio is concerned parameter for researchers which is addressed by the variable R<sub>w</sub>. A three stage SERO is simulated in 90 nm technology using Cadence Virtuoso platform to establish this equation. The value of K<sub>d</sub> obtained remains almost equal which justifies the reason for using this approach traditionally to calculate the delay.</p>}, number={4}, journal={European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science}, author={Aura, Shourin R.}, year={2022}, month={Aug.}, pages={30–34} }